USDA-APHIS-PPQ Butterfly Environmental Release Decision Chart 

Version 10, August 13, 2003                         Agency Contact:  Wayne Wehling, (301) 734-8758

 

 Agraulis

 Danaus

 Heliconius

 Heraclides

 Nymphalis

 Papilio

 Vanessa

 Vanessa

 Vanessa

 

 vanillae

 plexippus

charitonius

cresphontes

 antiopa

 polyxenes

 atalanta

 cardui

virginiensis

Common Name

 Gulf Fritilary

  Monarch

  Zebra Longwing

 Giant Swallowtail

 Mourning Cloak

 Black Swallowtail

 Red Admiral

 Painted Lady

 American Lady

  Alabama

Yes

Yes**

Yes***

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Alaska

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Arizona

Yes

No

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Arkansas

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  California

Yes

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Colorado

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Connecticut

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Delaware

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Florida %

Yes

Yes**

Yes***

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Georgia

Yes

Yes**

Yes***

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Hawaii

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

  Idaho

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Illinois

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Indiana

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Iowa

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Kansas

Yes

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Kentucky

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Louisiana

Yes

Yes**

Yes ***

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Maine

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Maryland

Yes

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Massachusetts

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Michigan

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Minnesota

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Mississippi

Yes

Yes**

Yes***

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Missouri

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

NO

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Montana

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

  Nebraska

Yes

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Nevada

No

No

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  New Hampshire

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  New Jersey

No

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  New Mexico

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

No

Yes

  New York %

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  North Carolina

 

North Carolina

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  North Dakota

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Ohio

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Oklahoma

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Oregon

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Pennsylvania

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Puerto Rico

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

  Rhode Island

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  South Carolina

Yes

Yes**

Yes***

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  South Dakota

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Tennessee

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Texas

Yes

Yes**

Yes***

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Utah

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Vermont

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Virginia

Yes

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Washington %

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

No

  West Virginia

No

Yes**

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Wisconsin

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Wyoming

No

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Washington DC

Yes

Yes**

No

No

Yes

No

Yes

Yes

Yes

  Virgin Islands

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

  Guam

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

No

This matrix determines the destination states where each of the 9 butterfly species can be shipped interstate for release into the environment.  The genetic stock for these species must originate in the continental United States and further restrictions may apply if noted by one of the footnotes that follows.  Interstate transport of these 9 species requires a USDA Plant Pest Permit.  www.aphis.usda.gov/ppq/permits/butterflies/index.html

 

**   Danaus plexippus (=Monarch butterfly) must not cross over the Continental Divide for environmental release.  The previous restriction on

        transporting monarchs was the 100th meridian rule.  The 100th meridian is actually east of the Continental Divide. 

*** Heliconius charitonius (= zebra, zebra longwing)  Releases can only occur between states WITHIN one of two clusters of states. 

       Cluster one = TX, LA and MS.   Cluster two = FL, SC, GA, AL.   Zebra longwings must not be shipped between clusters.

%  State has additional requirements, be sure to include enclosures from the state.